[124] The Great Thessaloniki Fire of 1917 destroyed much of the city and left 50,000 Jews homeless. In 359 two new strong rulers came to the throne, Artaxerxes III of Persia and Philip II of Macedon. In the early 20th century the region was already a national cause, contested among the states of Greece, Bulgaria and Serbia. But the winds of change quickly gathered momentum, and eventually shattered that multi-ethnic community, producing a 'Greek', or a 'Bulgarian', out of a 'Christian'." There is no evidence that the ancient … [88][89][90] Today, a community of around 1,200 remains in the city. Scholars from modern Greece and the former Yugoslav republic of Macedonia have made bold statements on the nature of ancient Macedonia, which in their more extreme variants can be summarized as "the ancient Macedonians spoke a Slavic language" and "Macedonia has been Greek for at least 3,000 years". Macedonia in Upstate New York existed before the Titoslavian communist enclave called Vardarska … The islands of Macedonia are Thasos, opposite the coasts of Eastern Macedonia and the port of Kavala, and Ammouliani, opposite the coasts of Central Macedonia, in Chalkidiki. Notable element of the local folk music is the use of trumpets and koudounia (called chálkina in the local dialect). Macedonia is the largest and second-most-populous Greek region, with a population of about 2.4 million of which alone 1 million live in Thessaloniki. [101] Bulgaria was specifically mentioned as the enemy in Greek Macedonia's unofficial anthem, Famous Macedonia, the reference only being replaced by vague 'Barbarians' with the normalization of Greco-Bulgarian relations in the 1970s. In at least 24 places in northern Greece, in Halkidiki, Thessaloniki, Kozani, Kavala, Thassos, Serres and other places, archaelogical findings were related to Asclepius. Thessaloniki Airport is the third-busiest in the country,[58] and the Athens–Thessaloniki air route was the EU's tenth busiest in 2016. Persuasive elaboration of Macedonian and Greek discourse can be obtained from the journal of Modern Greek Studies 14.2 (1996) 253-30 1, l John Hopkins University Press] in Victor Roudometof's article "Nationalism and Identity Politics in the Balkans: Greece and Macedonian Question" 8. See more of Macedonia of Ancient Greece on Facebook. [50], Macedonia is home to Greece's richest farmland,[2] and the region accounts for 9,859 square kilometres (3,807 sq mi) of the country's agricultural area (30% of total). Amphipolis, Aini, Pella, Philippi, Thessaloniki, Vergina, and more... See more ideas about Ancient macedonia, Macedonia greece, Macedonia map. Photo: NNeilAlieNN, CC BY-SA 3.0. In the autumn of 1821, Nikolaos Kasomoulis was sent to southern Greece as the "representative of South-East Macedonia", and met Demetrius Ypsilantis. Omissions? [18] Their name, Μακεδόνες (Makedhónes), is cognate to the Ancient Greek adjective μᾰκεδνός (makednós), meaning 'tall, slim'. Invited by Venizelos, in autumn 1915, the Allies landed forces in Thessaloniki to aid Serbia in its war against Austria-Hungary and Bulgaria, but their intervention came too late to prevent the Serbian collapse. Smaller numbers can be found in the Prespes region and near the Gramos mountains. Greece exited its recession, which began in 2009, in 2016 but data from that year onward is not available for the whole of Macedonia; Central Macedonia grew by 0.57% in real terms that year to €23.85 billion ($28.14 billion), while Western Macedonia contracted by 10.6% to €3.85 billion ($4.54 billion). [91] These expatriates were the primary source of ethnic Macedonian irredentism and the appropriation of ancient Macedonian heritage. [65] The EU invested €210 million ($247.76 million) in these three programmes for the 2014–2020 funding cycle. 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