In the south-western corner, inside the tower, there is a wide spiral in relatively small, modest buildings of the 12th - 16th centuries. The cathedral has three entrances - the southern, western and northern, of which the western was the main one intended for ceremonial processions. Philip and Nicholas in 1957); the icon was returned to the cathedral in the early 1990s and stands just to the right of the Golden Doors of the iconostasis. Bishop Nikita lies in a glass-covered sarcaphogus between the chapels of the Nativity of the Mother of God and Sts. Download all free or royalty-free photos and vectors. As a result, the facade was not white, as it is today, but multicoloured. In fact, they were most probably wrought and sculptured by Magdeburg masters, most likely in years 1152–1154, for the Archbishop of Płock in Poland (where they were decorating one of the entrances into the Cathedral in Płock for around 250 years). The main, golden cupola, was gilded by Archbishop Ioann (1388–1415) in 1408. The archbishop told them to repaint Christ with an open palm, and when they returned the next morning, the hand was miraculously clenched again. In medieval times these were said to hold the Novgorodian treasury and there was a library there, said to have been started by Yaroslav the Wise. The two-storied galleries extend along the building's southern, western and northern sides, with a stair-tower constructed at the north-eastern corner. As one art historian put it, the Kiev cathedral is a bride, whereas the Novgorod cathedral is a warrior. During the Soviet period, it was housed in the nearby Novgorod Museum (as were the bones of Bishop Nikita, said to have been kept in a paper bag until they were transferred to the Church of Sts. Later burials took place (again below the floor) in the Pretechenskaia Papter' on the north side of the cathedral. The small central figure - judging from an inscription in Slavonic - is a representation of the Russian master craftsman Avraam, who assembled the gate. It is one of the earliest stone structures of northern Russia. During the Nazi occupation of Novgorod, the Kremlin was heavily damaged from the battles and from the Nazi abuse. Hotels near St Sophia cathedral, Vologda on Tripadvisor: Find 1,031 traveler reviews, 4,093 candid photos, and prices for 16 hotels near St Sophia cathedral in Vologda, Russia. Its decoration is minimal, the use of b… Basil's Cathedral (0.14 km) Gostiny Dvor; Saint Sophia Cathedral yakınlarındaki gezilecek yerlerin tümüne Tripadvisor’dan bakın $ Located at the Daoli District, Saint Sophia Cathedral is the largest Eastern Orthodox church in the Far East. Since 1982, copies of the Gates, a gift from Novgorod, hang in the Cathedral in Płock. The sarcophagi of Prince Vladimir and Princess Anna overlook the Martirievskaia Porch; Archbishop Ilya (also known as Ioann) (1165–1186) is buried in the northwestern corner of the main body of the church, next to the Pretechenskaia Porch. It is a perfect example of Neo-Byzantine architecture. Most of the burials are below the floor in the Martirievskaia Porch, on the south side of the cathedral, named for Bishop Martirii (1193–1199). The large cross on the main dome (which has a metal bird attached to it, perhaps symbolic of the Holy Spirit in the form of a dove) was removed by Spanish infantry. It now houses Harbin Architecture Art Gallery. In some places (particularly on the apses), the wall was covered with mortar, smoothly polished, drawn up to imitate courses of brick or of whitestone slabs, and slightly coloured. The St. Sophia Cathedral Museum is a state-preserved architectural and historical monument located in the centre of Kiev. 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